Promoting Healthy Living in Latin America and the Caribbean: Governance of Multisectoral Activities to Prevent Risk Factors for Noncommunicable Diseases Maria Eugenia Bonilla-Chacin

ISBN: 9781464800177

Published: December 26th 2013

ebook

246 pages


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Promoting Healthy Living in Latin America and the Caribbean: Governance of Multisectoral Activities to Prevent Risk Factors for Noncommunicable Diseases  by  Maria Eugenia Bonilla-Chacin

Promoting Healthy Living in Latin America and the Caribbean: Governance of Multisectoral Activities to Prevent Risk Factors for Noncommunicable Diseases by Maria Eugenia Bonilla-Chacin
December 26th 2013 | ebook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 246 pages | ISBN: 9781464800177 | 7.62 Mb

The Latin American and Caribbean region has been undergoing a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition, which has had important health and economic consequences. Not only is the population aging rapidly, it is also experiencing major lifestyle changes. These changes, in turn, have altered the disease and mortality profile of the region, resulting in a greater weight of noncommunicable diseases-such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes-within the overall disease burden. As they affect more and more people, noncommunicable diseases pose a growing economic and development threat to households, health systems, and economies.

Part of this health and economic burden can be avoided, however. An important share of such diseases is attributable to preventable risk factors, such as an unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and alcohol abuse-the leading health risk factors in most of the region. This book outlines the design and implementation of policies that would promote healthy living in the region, thus effectively preventing premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases.

Reducing the exposure to these risks factors at the society level requires the concerted effort of stakeholders from a variety of sectors- therefore, the decision-making process presents challenges to policy makers and other health advocates. International experience has shown that overcoming these challenges often requires negotiation and dialogue among all interested parties, the mobilization of public opinion, reliance on information and research, the leadership and political commitment of key political figures, and institutional arrangements that favor multisectoral coordination and take advantage of favorable conditions, among others.

Promoting Healthy Living in Latin America and the Caribbean reviews the design and implementation processes of several successful or promising international examples as well as some regional ones- specifically, the agreement between the government and industry to reduce sodium in processed foods and to reform the Food Code to reduce trans fats in Argentina- a built environment that promotes physical activity in Bogota, Colombia- the National Agreements for Food Health in Mexico- and the tobacco-control policies in Uruguay.



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